Info Tech

EXCEL 2010 TUTORIAL

OUTLOOK 2010 TUTORIAL

POWERPOINT 2010 TUTORIAL

PUBLISHER 2010 TUTORIAL

WORD 2010 TUTORIAL

 

SAFETY

sign slippery wet caution

Safety always come first.

What ever the environment or situation may be, safety is the primary consideration.

Always wear the  safety equipment or gear.

 

A safety hazard can show up and appear almost anywhere.

A hazard is anything that could hurt you or someone else. In order to avoid hazards, one must be alert and observant of their environment.

Use your eyes, ears and nose to stay alert of any and all hazards. Hazards needs to be reported to supervisors or those with the authority to correct the issue. It is your employers responsibility to fix or remove hazards. If the hazard is small, you may fix it yourself.

Anything that you see that can cause harm to an individual or people is considered a hazard and must be reported. Never assume that someone else is going t report it. If you see it. you report it.

If the hazard not fixed or removed, you are under no obligation to continue to work in that environment or situation. Remember: safety comes first!

 

 

 

POSTURE

ergonomics-standing-and-working-benefits

POSTURE:  As you sit in a fixed stationary position, with poor posture, it could be physically harmful if done for a long period of time. Practicing good posture is essential for occupations that sit for long periods of time.

 

COPYRIGHT

THE FOUR FACTORS THAT DETERMINE THE FAIR USE OF COPYRIGHT:

1.The purpose and character of the use, including whether the use is of a commercial nature or is for nonprofit educational purposes.

  • When a piece of intellectual property or materials are being used for the betterment of society, with the purpose to educate, inform, teach or for research with no monetary gain; then Copyright Fair Use is being used.

2.The nature of the copyrighted work.

  • When authors work is already published, the Copyright laws is less in forcible. When a work is unpublished,t here are more laws in place to protect the authors future work. The author has the power and the right to determine what he wants to do with his work.

3.The amount and substantiality of the portion used in relation to the copyrighted work as a whole.

  • Another factor is, how much of the authors work is being used. A small amount will not be a problem, but large amounts of the authors original materials is Copyright infringement. Also, if the portion used is small, but is the meat and central core of the message, then that is not inline with the Fair Use policy.

4.The effect of the use upon the potential market for or value of the copyrighted work.

  • When the originator of a particular work produces his product, he has the right to receive compensation for it. When his work is sold by those who keep the profits for themselves, the original author losses that money that should have come to him since he was the one that produced it. No one has the the right to make money off of someone else’s work. 

 

 

 

 

HISTORY OF THE INTERNET

 

INTRODUCTION TO THE HISTORY OF THE INTERNET

The Internet has revolutionized the computer and communications world like nothing before. The invention of the telegraph, telephone, radio, and computer set the stage for this unprecedented integration of capabilities. The Internet is at once a world-wide broadcasting capability, a mechanism for information dissemination, and a medium for collaboration and interaction between individuals and their computers without regard for geographic location.

ORIGINS OF THE INTERNET

The first recorded description of the social interactions that could be enabled through networking was a series of memos written by J.C.R. Licklider of MIT in August 1962 discussing his “Galactic Network” concept. He envisioned a globally interconnected set of computers through which everyone could quickly access data and programs from any site. In spirit, the concept was very much like the Internet of today. Licklider was the first head of the computer research program at DARPA,4 starting in October 1962. While at DARPA he convinced his successors at DARPA, Ivan Sutherland, Bob Taylor, and MIT researcher Lawrence G. Roberts, of the importance of this networking concept.

 

THE INITIAL INTERCONNECTING CONCEPT

The original ARPANET grew into the Internet. Internet was based on the idea that there would be multiple independent networks of rather arbitrary design, beginning with the ARPANET as the pioneering packet switching network, but soon to include packet satellite networks, ground-based packet radio networks and other networks. The Internet as we now know it embodies a key underlying technical idea, namely that of open architecture networking. In this approach, the choice of any individual network technology was not dictated by a particular network architecture but rather could be selected freely by a provider and made to interwork with the other networks through a meta-level “Internetworking Architecture”. Up until that time there was only one general method for federating networks. This was the traditional circuit switching method where networks would interconnect at the circuit level, passing individual bits on a synchronous basis along a portion of an end-to-end circuit between a pair of end locations. Recall that Kleinrock had shown in 1961 that packet switching was a more efficient switching method. Along with packet switching, special purpose interconnection arrangements between networks were another possibility. While there were other limited ways to interconnect different networks, they required that one be used as a component of the other, rather than acting as a peer of the other in offering end-to-end service.

 

TRANSITION TO WIDESPRED INFATRUCTURE

At the same time that the Internet technology was being experimentally validated and widely used amongst a subset of computer science researchers, other networks and networking technologies were being pursued. The usefulness of computer networking – especially electronic mail – demonstrated by DARPA and Department of Defense contractors on the ARPANET was not lost on other communities and disciplines, so that by the mid-1970s computer networks had begun to spring up wherever funding could be found for the purpose. The U.S. Department of Energy (DoE) established MFENet for its researchers in Magnetic Fusion Energy, whereupon DoE’s High Energy Physicists responded by building HEPNet. NASA Space Physicists followed with SPAN, and Rick Adrion, David Farber, and Larry Landweber established CSNET for the (academic and industrial) Computer Science community with an initial grant from the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). AT&T’s free-wheeling dissemination of the UNIX computer operating system spawned USENET, based on UNIX’ built-in UUCP communication protocols, and in 1981 Ira Fuchs and Greydon Freeman devised BITNET, which linked academic mainframe computers in an “email as card images” paradigm.

 

COMMERCIALIZATION OF THIS NEW TECHNOLOGY

Commercialization of the Internet involved not only the development of competitive, private network services, but also the development of commercial products implementing the Internet technology. In the early 1980s, dozens of vendors were incorporating TCP/IP into their products because they saw buyers for that approach to networking. Unfortunately they lacked both real information about how the technology was supposed to work and how the customers planned on using this approach to networking. Many saw it as a nuisance add-on that had to be glued on to their own proprietary networking solutions: SNA, DECNet, Netware, NetBios. The DoD had mandated the use of TCP/IP in many of its purchases but gave little help to the vendors regarding how to build useful TCP/IP products.

Powerpoint

 

 

 

 

 

10/31/2018

 

coffee writing computer blogging
Photo by Negative Space on Pexels.com

Web Development is an open field of  innovation and discovery.

This 21st Century Mega industry has revolutionized everything. Web development as I am discovering, is like a huge technology puzzle, with many moving parts coming together to form the ultimate Business, Academic and social platform. Web Development also brings to it, an element of adventure and discovery; The landscape is always changing and there are always new things to consider.

One of the things that has stood out to me involving Web Development is the fact that because there so many components of Web Development, each individual will gravitate and enjoy one or more particular area of Web development than the other. I can see how when it’s all said and done, that some people will become a specialist in some particular segment of Web Development, and will become the expert in that area.

Web Development trains the individual in not only the technical skills aspect of technology, but also in the creativity of the mind. Web Development stretches and exercises your imagination to dream and create. It opens up he door to explore, experiment, innovate . Web Development allows you to use your mind to see what’s possible. Web Development is a place where the pictures of your mind, become the content of a website.

Web development is a field of play with very little boundaries.

 

CLICK HERE→SWOT Analysis

SWOT Analysis is a useful technique for understanding your Strengths and Weaknesses, and for identifying both the Opportunities open to you and the Threats you face.

What makes SWOT particularly powerful is that, with a little thought, it can help you uncover opportunities that you are well-placed to exploit. And by understanding the weaknesses of your business, you can manage and eliminate threats that would otherwise catch you unawares.

More than this, by looking at yourself and your competitors using the SWOT framework, you can start to craft a strategy that helps you distinguish yourself from your competitors, so that you can compete successfully in your market.

How to Do a SWOT Analysis

You can use it in two ways – as a simple icebreaker helping people get together to “kick off” strategy formulation, or in a more sophisticated way as a serious strategy tool.

Note:

Many people attribute SWOT Analysis to Alber S. Humphrey, however, there has been some debate on the originator of the tool, as discussed in the International Journal of Business Research.

Tip:

Strengths and weaknesses are often internal to your organization, while opportunities and threats generally relate to external factors. For this reason, SWOT is sometimes called Internal-External Analysis and the SWOT Matrix is sometimes called an IE Matrix.

SWOT Template

To help you to carry out your analysis, download and print off our free worksheet, and write down answers to the following questions.

Strengths

  • What advantages does your organization have?
  • What do you do better than anyone else?
  • What unique or lowest-cost resources can you draw upon that others can’t?
  • What do people in your market see as your strengths?
  • What factors mean that you “get the sale”?
  • What is your organization’s Unique Selling Proposition  (USP)?

Consider your strengths from both an internal perspective, and from the point of view of your customers and people in your market.

Also, if you’re having any difficulty identifying strengths, try writing down a list of your organization’s characteristics. Some of these will hopefully be strengths!

When looking at your strengths, think about them in relation to your competitors. For example, if all of your competitors provide high quality products, then a high quality production process is not a strength in your organization’s market, it’s a necessity.

Weaknesses

  • What could you improve?
  • What should you avoid?
  • What are people in your market likely to see as weaknesses?
  • What factors lose you sales?

Again, consider this from an internal and external perspective: do other people seem to perceive weaknesses that you don’t see? Are your competitors doing any better than you?

It’s best to be realistic now, and face any unpleasant truths as soon as possible.

Opportunities

  • What good opportunities can you spot?
  • What interesting trends are you aware of?

Useful opportunities can come from such things as:

  • Changes in technology and markets on both a broad and narrow scale.
  • Changes in government policy related to your field.
  • Changes in social patterns, population profiles, lifestyle changes, and so on.
  • Local events.

Tip:

A useful approach when looking at opportunities is to look at your strengths and ask yourself whether these open up any opportunities. Alternatively, look at your weaknesses and ask yourself whether you could open up opportunities by eliminating them.

Threats

  • What obstacles do you face?
  • What are your competitors doing?
  • Are quality standards or specifications for your job, products or services changing?
  • Is changing technology threatening your position?
  • Do you have bad debt or cash-flow problems?
  • Could any of your weaknesses seriously threaten your business?

Tip:

When looking at opportunities and threats, PEST Analysis  can help to ensure that you don’t overlook external factors, such as new government regulations, or technological changes in your industry.

Using SWOT Analysis in Project Management and Marketing

If you’re using SWOT as a serious tool (rather than as a casual “warm up” for strategy formulation), make sure you’re rigorous in the way you apply it:

  • Only accept precise, verifiable statements (“Cost advantage of $10/ton in sourcing raw material x”, rather than “Good value for money”).
  • Ruthlessly prune long lists of factors, and prioritize  them, so that you spend your time thinking about the most significant factors.
  • Make sure that options generated are carried through to later stages in the strategy formation process.
  • Apply it at the right level – for example, you might need to apply the tool at a product or product-line level, rather than at the much vaguer whole company level.
  • Use it in conjunction with other strategy tools (for example, USP Analysis  and Core Competence Analysis ) so that you get a comprehensive picture of the situation you’re dealing with.

Finding This Article Useful?

You can learn another 142 strategy skills, like this, by joining the Mind Tools Club.

 

Note:

You could also consider using the TOWS Matrix . This is quite similar to SWOT in that it also focuses on the same four elements of Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities, and Threats. But TOWS can be a helpful alternative because it emphasizes the external environment, while SWOT focuses on the internal environment.

SWOT Example

A small start-up consultancy might draw up the following SWOT Analysis:

Strengths

  • We are able to respond very quickly as we have no red tape, and no need for higher management approval.
  • We are able to give really good customer care, as the current small amount of work means we have plenty of time to devote to customers.
  • Our lead consultant has a strong reputation in the market.
  • We can change direction quickly if we find that our marketing is not working.
  • We have low overheads, so we can offer good value to customers.

Weaknesses

  • Our company has little market presence or reputation.
  • We have a small staff, with a shallow skills base in many areas.
  • We are vulnerable to vital staff being sick or leaving.
  • Our cash flow will be unreliable in the early stages.

Opportunities

  • Our business sector is expanding, with many future opportunities for success.
  • Local government wants to encourage local businesses.
  • Our competitors may be slow to adopt new technologies.

Threats

  • Developments in technology may change this market beyond our ability to adapt.
  • A small change in the focus of a large competitor might wipe out any market position we achieve.

As a result of their analysis, the consultancy may decide to specialize in rapid response, good value services to local businesses and local government.

Marketing would be in selected local publications to get the greatest possible market presence for a set advertising budget, and the consultancy should keep up-to-date with changes in technology where possible.

SWOT Analysis Infographic

Click on the image below to see SWOT Analysis represented in an infographic:

Find Opportunities, Eliminate Threats

Key Points

SWOT Analysis is a simple but useful framework for analyzing your organization’s strengths and weaknesses, and the opportunities and threats that you face. It helps you focus on your strengths, minimize threats, and take the greatest possible advantage of opportunities available to you.

It can be used to “kick off” strategy formulation, or in a more sophisticated way as a serious strategy tool. You can also use it to get an understanding of your competitors, which can give you the insights you need to craft a coherent and successful competitive position.

When carrying out your analysis, be realistic and rigorous. Apply it at the right level, and supplement it with other option-generation tools where appropriate.

 

 

NOVEMBER 7,  2018

PHOTOSHOP

pexels-photo-533463

Starting the Photoshop course has been truly exciting,

Photoshop is an almost limitless program that can take your imagination to the next level.

Photoshop is made up of many components of design software that allows you to create, alter, enhance, and transform images, pictures or photos. Photoshop has can take something plain and average and make it extraordinary and unique.

The first steps of learning Photoshop is to learn the layout of the tools, and how to access them.  Like any other form of creation , you must first find out what and where are the tools and resources that will allow you to create your masterpiece. Photoshop has everything laid out for you in a systematic way that allows a person to work with everything in one place.

Learning what each icon does, and how and when to use them is when the learning curve and patients comes in.  One thing that stood out to me is that, with almost every operation, there are a couple of different ways to perform them. This gives you options as to what feels more natural and comfortable to you.

Photoshop can be used by anyone. Whether a beginner or experienced designer, there are simple to complex operations that can be performed. Photoshop can get so involved that a person can major only in Photoshop and make that their predominate skill set.

Photoshop has the ability to take what is, and make it MUCH better, Photoshop has a lot to offer to a person with a creative mind and imagination. Many things can be explored and discovered with Photoshop. Photoshop gives you the platform to create, innovate and transform.

 

Advertisements